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Articles about the CS Lewis novels, The Chronicles of Narnia

Character List For The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe

The Lion The Witch and the Wardrobe
Cast of Characters.

Aslan: The creator / ruler of Narnia, who appears as a Lion. Also known as the Singer, the High King above All High Kings, Lord of the Whole Wood. If The Chronicles of Narnia are a Christian Allegory, then Aslan is the Christ figure.

Mr. and Mrs. Beaver: Talking creatures of the forest who shelter the Pevensie children and take them to Aslan.

Boggles: Demon servants of the White Witch.

Buffins: Giants

Cruels: Demon servants of the White Witch.

Daughters of Eve: The term used in the prophecy for human females.

Dryads: Wood spirits / nymphs

Efreets: Demon servants of the White Witch.

The Emperor Over The Sea: He doesn’t make an appearance in the books, but he is Aslan’s father and the ultimate ruler of Narnia.  In a Christian context, he is God The Father.

Ettins: Evil Giant servants of the White Witch

Father Christmas: Santa Claus figure who gives gifts to the Pevensie children to aid them in their struggle against the witch.

Ghouls: Flesh eating servants of the White Witch.

Hags: Ancient witch servants of the White Witch. They tie Aslan to the Stone Table.

Horrors: Demon servants of the White Witch.

Incubuses: Demon servants of the White Witch

Jadis: The White Witch. She makes her first appearance in The Magician’s Nephew. Jadis is immortal because she she at a magic apple. Jadis tempts Edmund and corrupts him.

Digory Kirke: Digory makes his first appearance in the Magician’s Nephew. The Pevensie children are sent to live with him to escape the London Blitz, and it is in his home that they discover the Wardrobe.

Mrs. Macready: Professor Digory’s housekeeper.

Edmund Pevensie: Younger of the two Pevensie boys. He is the second to travel to Narnia and later betrays his siblings to the White Witch. He is claimed by the Witch, but is redeemed by Aslan’s sacrifice.

Lucy Pevensie: Youngest of the Pevensie children. She is the first to discover Narnia and the most consistently faithful to Aslan.

Peter Pevensie: Oldest of the Pevensie children. He is named High King by Aslan.

Susan Pevensie: Oldest of the two Pevensie girls. Susan is witness to Aslan’s death and resurrection.

Maugrim: The wolf who serves as the Captain of the White Witch’s secret police. Slain by Peter.

Minotaur: A man with the head of a bull. Servants of the White Witch.

Orknies: Servants of the White Witch

People of the Toadstools: Toadies of the White Witch

Rhindon: Peter’s sword. In true fantasy tradition, all swords have names.

Spectres: Ghostly servants of the White Witch.

Sprites: Servants of the White Witch

Mr. Tumnus: A faun who befriends Lucy. He is punished for doing so by The White Witch.

The White Witch: See Jadis

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:45 PM
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Christian Themes In The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe

Christian Themes In The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe

Although it is possible to read the Chronicles of Narnia as pure adventures, they also are very much grounded in Christian themes. Lewis seems to have intended The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe as a more accessible (for children) version of the Easter story.

Aslan, the Lion who sang Narnia into being in The Magician’s Nephew, clearly is a Christ-like figure. In The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, he returns to the world he created to redeem it from the eternal winter of the White Witch.

The witch is an evil figure, who tempts Edmund, one of the prophesied “Sons of Adam,” and turns him against the other “Sons of Adam and Daughters of Eve” and against Aslan himself. Here, we have a parallel to to mankind turning from the Word of God.

Aslan defeats the Witch’s winter, but she has one last trick up her sleeve. She claims Edmund, saying that Deep Magic From The Dawn of Time has given her dominion over such traitors. Only blood will save the boy, so Aslan secretly agrees to be sacrificed by the Witch. His death, however, is only temporary, because Deeper Magic from Before the Dawn of Time guarantees that the wrongly sacrified will be brought back to life. The morning after his sacrifice, Aslan returns to his final victory over the evil witch.

If you remove the fantasy elements, the basic outline is familiar as the Easter story. Other elements of The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe further echo the Easter story of Jesus’ death and resurrection:

Just as Jesus held vigil at Gesthemane with a few trusted disciples, Aslan spends a lonely night before his sacrfice with Lucy and Susan.
Bound and condemned, Aslan is mocked by the White Witch’s followers; Jesus is mocked by Pilate’s soldiers.

When Mary Magdalene and the other women go to the tomb, it is empty, and Jesus’ body is gone. Later, the women are the first to see him after the resurrection. Similarly, in The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, when Lucy and Susan go back to the table to find Aslan’s body, it is gone; they, too, are the first to see Aslan after his resurrection.

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:39 PM
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About CS Lewis

About C.S. Lewis, creator of the Chronicles of Narnia

Clive Staples Lewis—better known as C.S. Lewis—was an English professor of medieval literature who is best known for his Christian writings, including the series of children’s fantasy books known as The Chronicles of Narnia. Lewis was a friend, colleague and neighbor of another great English fantasy writer, J.R.R. Tolkien, creator of the Lord of the Rings.

Born to a Protestant family in Belfast, Ireland, on November 29, 1898, Clive Staples Lewis was known as Jack to his closest friends and family. After his mother died in 1908, he attended several different schools in England. Although he abandoned his Christian faith in 1913, he returned to Christianity in 1931.

As a child, Lewis apparently was enchanted by the worlds created by Beatrix Potter, perhaps explaining the talking animals of the Narnia series. He also later grew much interested in Norse mythology.

Lewis served on the front lines during World War I, and was wounded at the Battle of Arras. Discharged in 1918, he returned to his studies, receiving high honors.

For thirty years, Lewis taught as a fellow of Magdalen College in Oxford. He later served as the first Professor of Medieval and Renaissand LIterature at Cambridge. His academic work focused on the medievel use of allegory—especially in the High Middle Ages. His criticism of Milton’s Paradise Lost still is considered an important work in that field.

Lewis also was a member of “The Inklings,” a literary discussion society whose memebrs included J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams and Owen Barfield.

Although his scholarly work is well known in academic circles, it is his more popular novels that have gained him immortality—especially the children’s series, The Chronicles of Narnia.

Lewis’ first novel was The Pilgrim’s Regress, which followed his progress as a Christian. It was deemed a failure at the time.

The Chronicles of Narnia have been much more successfu. A series of seven fantasy novels for children, the Chronicles describe the adventures of a group of children who visit a magical world called Narnia.

Although the novels have Christian themes, they are never preachy and can be read as non-religious adventure stories. The novels have been described as an allegory, a charge which Lewis refuted. Instead, he said that he wrote the novels when he wondered what it would be like if Jesus Christ was incarnated on another world or planet to save the souls of those inhabitants.

The most popular of the seven is “The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe”, which also was the first one published.

Lewis also wrote more explicitly Christian works such as “The Great Divorce” and “The Screwtape Letters,” which is composed of letters of advice from an elder demon named Screwtape to his nephew, Wormwood.

In addition to his novels and non-fiction works on medieval literature, Lewis wrote several books about Christianity, of which “Mere Christianity” is perhaps the msot important. In it, and other works, Lewis attempts to present a logical and reasonable case for Christianity. He has been called “The Apostle to the Sceptics” for his approach, which was influenced by his own reconversion.

Lewis also wrote an autobiography entitled Surprised by Joy, which describes his conversion. (It was written before he met his wife, Joy Gresham.) His essays and public speeches on Christian belief, many of which were collected in God in the Dock and The Weight of Glory and Other Addresses, remain popular today for their insights into faith.

Lewis died on November 22, 1963, but his passing was little noted because of the simultaneous deaths of John F. Kennedy and Aldous Huxley.

His work, however, lives on.

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:31 PM
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The Last Battle

The Last Battle

The Last Battle is the final novel in The Chronicles of Narnia series by C. S. Lewis. It is the last book to be published, and also the last in the internal chronology. Lewis was awarded the Carnegie Medal for the book.

Plot Synopsis

Coming Soon

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:30 PM
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The Silver Chair

The fourth book published in The Chronicles of Narnia, The Silver Chair is the sixth book in the internal chronology. It is the first book in the series in which the Pevensie children do not appear.

Plot Synopsis

Coming Soon

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:15 PM
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Voyage of the Dawn Treader

The third book in The Chronicles of Narnia, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader is the fifth in chronological order. It was originally published in 1952.

Lucy and Edmund Pevensie are sent to visit their obnixious cousin Eustace Scrubb. While on this trip, they chance upon a new portal to Narnia, as they are drawn—with their cousin—into a painting of the ship Dawn Treader.

Landing in the ocean, they are immediately rescued by the crew of the Dawn Treader, captained by their old friend, Prince Caspian—now known as King Caspian the Tenth. It turns out that Caspian is on a quest to find the seven lost lords who were loyal followers of his father, Caspian IX. He has vowed to search for a year and a day.

Eustace continues to behave very badly, complaining loudly about the ship, and threatening all sorts of legal action. He almost immediately gets into a fight with the valiant and honorable mouse-warrior Reepicheep, but apologizes to avoid a duel.

From this point, the novel takes place in a series of episodes, as the adventurers journey from island to island, encountering many wonderous things. In structure, it is much like the tales of Jason and the Argonauts, the Odyssey or Sindbad.

The Dawn Treader’s first stop is the Lone Islands. There, Caspian, Reepicheep, Lucy, Edmund and Eustace are taken captive by slavers. Caspian is sold to a Lord, who turns out to be one of the seven missing lords: Bern. Together, Caspian and Bern bluster their way into the palace of Gumpas, Governor of the Islands. They reestablish the dominion of Caspian over the islands, rescue their companions from the slavers, and put an end to slavery in the lands of Narnia.

After leaving the Lone Islands, a storm wrecks the Dawn Treader, and the voyagers are forced to take refuge on Dragon Island to make repairs. Eustace gets separated from the party and is transformed into a Dragon. He suffers much in his new form, but also undergoes a great deal of personal growth. In the end, just as it seems as though the Dawn Treader’s crew will have to leave him behind, Aslan appears and helps Eustace change back into a human. Their stay on the island also reveals the fate of Lord Octesian.

At sea once again, the Dawn Treader encounters a sea monster, and then continues on to an island where they discover a pool of water that transforms things to gold. A gold statue at the bottom of the pool may well be the body of one of the missing Lords.They name the island “Deathwater” and continue on their voyage.

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:06 PM
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Prince Caspian

Published in 1951, Prince Caspian was the second published, but in the internal chronology is fourth in the Chronicles of Narnia. It is also the second in the series of motion pictures based on the books, to be released in the summer of 2008

Plot Summary

WARNING: Spoilers

While standing on a train station in 1941, Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy are magically whisked away to a beach near an old and ruined castle. They soon discover that the ruins are Caer Paravel, where they once ruled as the Kings and Queens of Narnia. Although only a year has passed in the real world, a thousand years have passed in Narnia.

A dwarf whom they rescue from drowning tells them the sad tale: During their absence, a race of men called Telmarines have invaded Narnia, driving the Talking Beasts into the wilderness. Narnia now is ruled by King Miraz, a cruel despot.

Miraz also is an usurper, having killed his brother, King Caspian the 9th to take the throne. His son, Prince Caspian, has grown up ignorant of his uncle’s evil deeds, but as the boy grows older, Miraz decides that he, too must die. Caspian escapes and finds himself among the Talking Beasts. The accept him as the True King of Narnia and promise to help him regain this throne.

An army is assembled—although it is far short of the mighty armies that Narnia has been able to assemble in the past. Prince Caspian fights as best he can, but has been slowly losing to Miraz. Desperate for help, Caspian has blown Queen Susan’s horn—and it was that act that called the four children to Narnia.

Having heard the story, the true Kings and Queens of Narnia make their way to the battlefield. But the journey is long and hard, and the children lose their way. It is then that Lucy sees Aslan. Unfortunately, the others do not believe her. Their faith is tested, but in the end, Aslan leads them to Caspian.

The forces of evil are defeated in a battle by Aslan’s table. Miraz is killed by one of his own men.

In the end, Aslan returns the Telmarines back to their world, and the children back to the train station. 

Posted by The Editor on 02/07 at 07:04 PM
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